The body depends on the amount of glucose in the blood to commence and continue metabolic processes and brain functions. The body doesn’t need much to run, though. A normal adult usually maintains a glucose level more or less similar to about 5 grams of sugar. That is equivalent to a small packet of sugar found in restaurants.
When we say blood sugar, we do not refer to just any kind of sugar. Yes, there are many kinds. Glucose is the one our body uses, but there are other types of sugar that the body can and cannot digest. Examples are fructose, the sugar found in fruits; then there is galactose, the sugar found in milk and other dairy products like cheese. Glucose is converted from carbohydrates that come from many kinds of food.
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High blood sugar is when the glucose blood level of a person exceeds the normal range, which is 70-110 mg/dL. However, the classification of “high” is relative to whether a person is a diabetic or not. A diabetic’s normal glucose level may be higher than a normal person’s level because a diabetic is more or less not able to regulate his or her blood sugar levels to as low as a normal person’s. High blood sugar symptoms can vary between having no symptoms at all to having severe signs like a coma.
Now, how does the body maintain or regulate blood levels? The endocrine system does this, particularly the pancreas. (So that’s what the pancreas is for!) The pancreas secretes two kinds of hormones that either bring down or raise the level of sugar in the blood. One kind of hormone is the catabolic hormone, which raises the level of glucose in the blood. Examples of this are cortisol, growth hormones, and glucagon. The other kind that lowers blood sugar is called an anabolic hormone, which is familiar to us as insulin.
There are times when a person’s glucose becomes high due to factors outside of the body’s direct control. One simple cause is when a person eats more than usual. More food that contains sugar and/or carbohydrates can result to high blood sugar. The mere fact that one ate is already a cause for high blood sugar levels, which is acceptable and understandable, until after about 45 minutes to one hour after. If the sugar levels do not decrease or normalize for about two hours, there may be a problem. Eating way too much fat slows down digestion, which also results in a high blood sugar level. Infection, stress, and other chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus result in a continuously high blood sugar level.
High levels of glucose in the blood, when, prolonged, result to high blood sugar symptoms. The most dangerous of the sugar symptoms is having none at all. This means that there is no manifestation that there is already something wrong with your body. Simple symptoms are being thirsty more than usual, and consequently dehydration. Drowsiness, sleepiness, and fatigue are also symptoms. When the high levels go on for some time, you may have blurry vision and an inability to concentrate, causing confusion. There may also be numbness in the toes and/or fingers. And because yeast thrives on sugar, there is no wonder that you may develop yeast and other fungal infections. The worst symptom is getting into a coma. You will need medical assistance when you become dehydrated, and of course, when you are in a coma. But still the best way to prevent this is to watch what you eat and regularly monitor your health.
Jerrold Tanner is concerned about the growing number of people who exhibit high blood sugar symptoms and nothing about it. Read more about high blood sugar symptoms [http://www.bloodsugartips.com/blood-sugar/high-blood-sugar-symptoms/], at [http://www.bloodsugartips.com].
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